ASUS’ AMD AM1 Approach: AM1I-A and AM1M-A Announcedby Ian Cutress on March 5, 2014 8:41 AM EST
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Hot on the heels of the AMD announcement regarding socketed Kabini systems, ASUS has released information on two of their main contenders in this segment. While AMD are expecting most motherboards to be in the micro-ATX form factor, at least a few mini-ITX will appear, and ASUS today are announcing at least one of each in the AM1I-A and AM1M-A.
The mini-ITX model uses the FS1b socket (notice only two holes for a CPU cooler), with two DDR3-DIMM slots and two SATA 6 Gbps ports. The 4-pin CPU power connector is near the edge of the motherboard (to stop cables being passed over components), and similar to other ASUS mini-ITX motherboards the 24-pin ATX power connector is also on the edge. Although AMD’s initial AM1 announcement put the maximum DRAM capacity at 16GB, ASUS are claiming 32GB DRAM maximum capacity when 16GB UDIMMs are launched.
The motherboard uses Realtek Audio and NIC (ALC887 and 8111GR), with a PCIe 2.0 x4 slot, a HDMI output, a DVI-D output, two USB 3.0 ports, eight USB 2.0 ports (4 rear, 2 headers), a TPM header and two COM ports (1 rear, 1 header). ASUS features such as the graphical BIOS, DIGI+ VRM, USB 3.0 Boost and AI Suite 3 are also present.
Using the larger micro-ATX form factor with a SoC that only has four PCIe 2.0 lanes might seem a little odd, but it does give the manufacturer space to add some other extra features, as well as cater for users that want more than one PCIe device. The main focus of the AM1M-A will be on the two PCIe 2.0 x1 slots below the PCIe 2.0 x4 slot. A
s the SoC is limited to four lanes, the way around this is to either use a switch, or selectively use one or the other. ASUS has gone for almost a mix, whereby the user can select the speed of the first black PCIe slot to x1, x2 or x4 accordingly.
The makeup of the AM1M-A is similar to the mini-ITX model – HDMI output, DVI-D output, VGA output, Realtek audio and NIC (ALC887-VD and 8111GR), two SATA 6 Gbps, four USB 3.0 ports (two rear, one header powered by an ASMedia controller), eight USB 2.0 ports (4 rear, 2 headers), a TPM header and a COM header. The AM1M-A also benefits from the ASUS graphical BIOS, USB 3.0 Boost, Fan Xpert, DIGI+ VRM and AI Suite 3.
With the use of a USB 3.0 controller onboard, there has to be some clever allocation of PCIe lanes to make it work. Chances are that the full length PCIe x16 slot runs at x4 when the two PCIe x1 slots and the internal USB 3.0 ports are not used. The moment one of them is in use, the full length slot becomes an x1 to release the bandwidth. The allocation would most likely happen at boot time, making the setting an option in the BIOS to enable or disable. I am asking ASUS which setting is default, though I would imagine the USB ports being enabled is the default setting to allow users to plug everything in. This means that if you need specifically a PCIe 2.0 x4, then it has to be enabled in the BIOS.
Using the chipset diagram for Kabini:
We see that the USB 3.0 controller is using one of the x1 PCIe lanes normally geared for the Wi-Fi controller. It would therefore look like that the PCIe 2.0 x4 and the two PCIe 2.0 x1 slots are also independent, such that the SoC actually has eight PCIe 2.0 lanes for use, but only as one set of four and four sets of one.
We are still unsure if AMD’s $60 price point is the ultra-low end objective of the AM1 platform (APU + motherboard) or the high end. Pricing from ASUS is TBD, but both boards should be available when the platform is launched on April 9th.
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LarsBars - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkHaving a max of 32GB of ram is interesting, that adds to the possibilities for this platform.
Looking forward to 16GB udimms.
SodaAnt - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkSeems strange to pay $100 for the mobo+cpu+gpu, then spend $100+ each per DIMM. What applications would care that much about RAM, other than memcached servers, which this probably isn't meant for.
talonz - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkZFS systems.
bleomycin - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkNo ECC support would make this a not so great idea.
Carleh - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkWhat do you mean with "BIOS"? "BIOS" as in BIOS before UEFI, or "BIOS" as synonym with "hardware setup utility"?
Flunk - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkGraphical Bios as in uEFI. uEFI is just a new kind of BIOS. BIOS = Basic Input Output System.
Stuka87 - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkUEFI is not BIOS though. People just use the term synonymously with it. The OS interacts with them differently, and UEFI support is required for the OS and in many cases the hardware in order to use UEFI. Which is why many systems have a fall back Legacy BIOS compatibility mode.
Alexvrb - Thursday, March 6, 2014 - linkWe should rename UEFI... call it AIOS. "A" for Advanced. :P
Ian Cutress - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkIn order to prevent confusion, I choose not to use UEFI or EFI, because different motherboards use slightly different systems. Underneath it's still a BIOS, so I call it either a BIOS or a graphical BIOS depending on what is implemented visually.
Carleh - Wednesday, March 5, 2014 - linkGot it, thank you.