After a weekend of rumors spurred on by a Wall Street Journal report, HP has confirmed this morning that the company intends to split in half next year. The process will see each half become its own independent company, allowing for what amounts to HP’s enterprise and consumer divisions to go their separate ways. By doing so, HP is looking to allow each half to focus on one subset of HP’s overall business, allowing for more focused execution and growth while cutting the bonds that HP believes have made them slow to move in the past.

The split will see HP’s core businesses assigned into one of two companies. HP Inc. the closest of the two companies to an immediate successor to the current HP, will take HP’s PC and printing businesses, along with HP’s other consumer/mobile businesses such as the company’s Chromebooks and tablets. Internally these products are already organized under HP’s Printing and Personal Systems business, so in some senses this is merely moving a business that was its own division into its own company entirely. This split off will also see the current EVP of the Printing and Personal Systems business, Dion Weisler, promoted to CEO of the new HP Inc. Finally, HP Inc. will also be retaining the current HP branding.

Meanwhile the rest of HP’s businesses – servers, networking, storage, software, financial services, and other services– will all be split off together to form the new Hewlett-Packard Enterprise. As alluded to by the name, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise will be focused on HP’s enterprise businesses, where divisions such as the company’s networking business are potential rapid growth markets for HP. HP’s current CEO, Meg Whitman, will be transitioning over to CEO of Hewlett-Packard Enterprise.

HP’s separation in turn is largely borne out of the fact that HP isn’t deriving much of an advantage of keeping all of their businesses under one roof together. HP believes that having the companies split off will mean that each company is better focused on its respective market without the heavy overhead of trying to manage all of these businesses as a single company. In other words, each half will be more flexible/agile than the combined whole. Practically speaking HP has seemed conflicted between consumer and enterprise for some number of years now, and while it’s possible to do both things at once it’s anything but easy. So in lieu of a better reason to have a single company, HP seems content to let each half of the company go their own ways.

What’s interesting is that despite how much bigger Hewlett-Packard Enterprise would seem at first due to its mix of enterprise products, it’s only marginally larger than HP Inc. Based on HP’s most recent revenue, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise would be slightly more profitable than HP Inc. on roughly the same revenue, but from a financial basis at least this isn’t a clear case of ejecting the weaker company. That said, HP does seem more bullish on the growth opportunities for Hewlett-Packard Enterprise than HP Inc. (the latter will pay dividends, for example), which offers some additional rationale for why HP would want to split the company. In any case even split both companies will be quite large, clearing over $50B/year in revenue and putting them in the Fortune 50.

Ultimately HP expects the transaction to be completed by the end of the company’s fiscal year 2015 (Oct. 31, 2015), assuming regulatory approval and no other challenges. This split comes as the latest step as part of the company’s larger 5 year turnaround plan, which if successful HP will be nearing the end of.

Finally, in light of this split it’s interesting to reflect on the state of HP after such a long period of acquisitions and mergers by the company. Over the years HP has acquired a large number of formerly high profile companies, including Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), Compaq, VoodooPC, Palm, 3Com, and Electronic Data Systems (EDS) as part of a larger effort to build up what has become the megalith that they are now taking apart. The combined companies are still larger than the individual companies HP has acquired over the years, but between the previous spin-off of Agilent (HP’s former instruments & equipment business) and now the split into HP Inc. and Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, the individual companies are no longer the sort of mixed business conglomerates that HP has been for the last two decades.

Source: HP

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  • melgross - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    These companies won't be completely independent. Whitman will be CEO of the enterprise company, but she will also be chairwoman of Hp inc. I would imagine that even after the split into two "independent" companies, they don't want one to move against the other. So, with this arrangement, they will still be joined at the head. I wonder what will happen with the two boards. Will many of the same people be on both?

    These are serious questions, and they need to be answered, sooner rather than later.

    It seemed obvious that when Whitman put printing and pc's in the same basket, that something was going to be done like this. I'm assuming that they were just waiting for the flack from the earlier deal to die down.
  • sumludus - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    I'm curious if HP Labs will be completely transferred to enterprise HP, or if they're going to have to split resources with the consumer HP.
  • Dahak - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    One thing not mentioned here and it is elsewhere is the layoffs.
    "HP also said its layoffs, which are already in full swing, will affect 55,000 people by the time they're done. "

    So I wonder if the business pc's (Prodesk,EliteDesk,Probooks,Elitebooks) will suffer in quality at all as I am assuming these will be pushed into the HP Inc's pc business, as I do not see them staying with the enterprise group.

    As an hp reseller I wonder how this will transition will be like
  • melgross - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    Confused, frustrating, drawn out and demoralizing. In other words, business as usual when something such as this occurs.
  • Kevin G - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    Minor quibble in the article: HP didn't directly acquire DEC. Rather DEC was acquired by Compaq who a few years later was gobbled up by HP.
  • isa - Monday, October 6, 2014 - link

    So basically an "ink" division that sells printers and PCs to individuals as loss leaders to suck up ink, and an "inc" division to sell non-ink stuff to biz. Bet they paid a fortune to MBAs to come up with that gem.

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