The SandForce SF3000 series has become the unicorn of the SSD industry. For the past two years there has been a lot of hype about the new controller, but Seagate/SandForce has kept missing deadlines one after the other. Initially the third generation SandForce controller was supposed to ship in mid-2014, but obviously that didn't happen. Next we heard Q4'15, which was then changed to mid-2015 and the latest word I got at Computex is expected mass production in Q4'15, meaning that we could see first products shipping in early 2016. 

The SF3500 package is considerably smaller than the SF3700

The original paper launch back in late 2013 only included the SF3700 lineup, which was first supposed to cater all markets from entry-level client to enterprise. Last week Seagate announced that the SF3000 series has now been split into two: SF3500 for the client and SF3700 for the enterprise market. The reasoning behind the differentiation doesn't only lie in marketing as the SF3500 and SF3700 are separate dies with the SF3500 having four NAND channels whereas the SF3700 keeps the 9-channel design as announced previously. It makes a lot of sense to build a separate die for the client space and honestly I was a little skeptical about cost efficiency because it's practically impossible to build a silicon that is feature rich enough for the enterprise with a consumer friendly price tag. We've seen the client space moving towards 4-channel controller designs anyway, so I suspect introducing a smaller 4-channel controller was the only way SandForce could remain price competitive against Silicon Motion, which has taken a large share of SandForce's old clients. 

Seagate SandForce SF3000 Series Specifications
Series SF3500 SF3700
SKU SF3514 SF3504 SF3524 SF3739 SF3759
# of NAND Channels 4 (400MT/s each) 9 (400MT/s each)
Controller Frequency 275MHz 275MHz 300MHz N/A N/A
Interface SATA 6Gbps PCIe 2.0 x2 (NVMe) SATA 6Gbps + PCIe 2.0 x2 (NVMe) SATA 6Gbps + PCIe 2.0 x4 (NVMe)
Max Capacity 1TB 2TB
Sequential Read 550MB/s 900MB/s 900MB/s 1600MB/s 1600MB/s
Sequential Write 450MB/s 525MB/s 525MB/s 670MB/s 670MB/s
4KB Random Read 100K IOPS 130K IOPS 130K IOPS 130K IOPS 130K IOPS
4KB Random Write 80K IOPS 120K IOPS 120K IOPS 80K IOPS 80K IOPS
Mixed 70R/30W Random  80K IOPS 120K IOPS 120K IOPS 100K IOPS 100K IOPS
Encryption AES-256, TCG Opal 2.0 & IEEE-1667 (eDrive) AES-256 AES-256 & TCG Entrerprise

The SF3500 series includes three SKUs and similar to the SF3700 silicon the controller supports both SATA 6Gbps and PCIe 2.0 (although only two lanes, whereas the SF3700 features four). The SF3514 and SF3504 are SATA and PCIe respectively, but the SF3524 has a switch that allows it to operate in both SATA and PCIe modes similar to the SF3700 SKUs. Unfortunately the switch isn't user-accessible as it has to be toggled by the manufacturer, so it's merely a feature that helps the OEMs with inventory management. The SF3524, being the high-end model, also has more supported firmware features, but Seagate isn't disclosing any at this stage, although I was told they are more back-end related rather than concrete features that are visible to the end-user. 

Inherently the SF3500 is just a 4-channel version of the SF3700 and supports all SandForce technologies (DuraWrite, SHIELD, RAISE etc), but with one twist. The SF3500 is the first time SandForce is relying on external DRAM for caching the NAND mapping table, whereas the SF3700 and all older SandForce controllers only use the integrated SRAM. No user data is stored in the DRAM, so its function is purely to increase performance as well as reduce power up time when waking the system from sleep. 

Another separating feature is the RAISE support. Because the SF3500 is client-oriented, it only supports level-1 RAISE, which uses one NAND die for protection against single page/block failures (in small capacity drives fractional RAISE can be used as it requires less than a full die). The SF3700 has full RAISE support and can operate in either level 1 or 2 mode with level-2 protecting against a full die failure (the 9th channel is there for that reason). 

SandForce's focus in the SF3000 series has been mixed performance from day one. While most modern drives boast excellent peak read and write performance, nearly every drive experiences notable loss in performance under mixed read/write workloads. We've been testing mixed performance as a part of our 2015 Client SSD Suite and I certainly agree with SandForce that it's an area where improvement is needed, which is what the SF3000 series is promised to do. Seagate's/SandForce's internal tests put the SF3700 at much higher performance efficiency than the competing NVMe drive that Seagate couldn't officially disclose (hint: the manufacturer starts with an I). 

All in all, Seagate seems to be making progress with the SF3000 series. It's inevitably late from the original launch schedule, but on the other hand there are only a handful of client PCIe drives on the market right now, so if the new schedule sticks and the SF3000 is as good as Seagate is showing it to be, SandForce will definitely be back in the game. The Computex announcement was relatively high-level, but Seagate hinted that they will have a truckload of new details to share within the next two months, so we will stay tuned for more. 

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  • dzezik - Friday, April 29, 2016 - link

    Sandforce like AMD lost all the power. they almost dominated SSD about 6-7 years ago.
    The SF2200/SF2500 was perfect but only with SLC, with MLC it was medicore but good enough. I have OCZ Deneva 2 R SLC, it is a performance king.
    SF3500 is a step back. in general SSD market is quite stable since 2012, no new technology, no new performance records. I only see prices drop but it is because as lot of new controllers (slower than older one) and flash memory became cheaper slower and less endurance. even 5-6 yer old SLC outperform every new MLC, TLC 3D Nand (except some Hitachi Toshiba enterprise) . I only see one bright star - SAMSUNG. this is the only company showing continous and fast improvement in quality and performance. Intel is developing much slower but Intel started from higher level than Samsung. Micron is doing a lot of work and new controllers but still cant beat themselves from before 5 years - P320h. even Micron is producing cheaper and slower SSD than few years ago. the same with M500DC older but much better than M510DC.
  • vladx - Monday, December 19, 2016 - link

    SLC drives will always outperform both MLC and TLC when not limited by the controller since it involves less complex logic.

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